Wage and Hour Violations employment lawyer Los Angeles

What are some examples of Wage and Hour Violation by employers in California?

Wage and hour violations occur when employers fail to comply with California labor laws regarding employees’ compensation. Some common examples of wage and hour violations in California include:

  1. Overtime Violations:
    • Failure to pay overtime: Non-exempt employees are generally entitled to overtime pay for hours worked beyond 8 hours in a workday or 40 hours in a workweek. Employers who do not pay the required overtime rates may be in violation of wage and hour laws.
  2. Minimum Wage Violations:
    • Paying less than the minimum wage: California has a higher minimum wage than the federal standard. Employers must pay at least the state’s minimum wage to non-exempt employees for each hour worked.
  3. Meal and Rest Break Violations:
    • Denying or interrupting breaks: Non-exempt employees are entitled to meal and rest breaks during their work shifts. Violations can occur if employers do not provide breaks or if they pressure employees to work during their break times.
  4. Off-the-Clock Work:
    • Expecting employees to work off the clock: Employers cannot require employees to work before or after their scheduled shift without compensation. All hours worked must be properly recorded and compensated.
  5. Misclassifying Employees:
    • Misclassifying employees as exempt: Some employees may be misclassified as exempt from overtime pay when they should be classified as non-exempt. This can result in the denial of overtime pay for eligible employees.
  6. Failure to Reimburse Business Expenses:
    • Not reimbursing employees for necessary business expenses: Employers are generally required to reimburse employees for job-related expenses, such as mileage, travel, or equipment costs.
  7. Piece-Rate Violations:
    • Violations related to piece-rate compensation: Employers using piece-rate compensation must ensure that employees receive at least minimum wage for all hours worked, including rest and recovery periods.
  8. Pay Stub Violations:
    • Providing inaccurate or incomplete pay stubs: Employers are required to provide detailed and accurate pay stubs to employees, including information about hours worked, rates of pay, and deductions.
  9. Waiting Time Penalties:
    • Failing to pay final wages on time: When an employee is terminated, they are generally entitled to receive their final paycheck immediately. Failure to provide timely payment can result in waiting time penalties.
  10. Recordkeeping Violations:
    • Failing to keep accurate records: Employers must maintain accurate records of employees’ hours worked, wages paid, and other relevant information. Inaccurate or incomplete recordkeeping can lead to wage and hour violations.

Employees who believe they have experienced wage and hour violations should consult with an employment attorney to understand their rights and explore potential legal remedies. Additionally, they can file a complaint with the California Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE).

Wage and hour laws and regulations specific to Truck Drivers:

Truck drivers are subject to specific wage and hour laws and regulations due to the nature of their work, which often involves long hours, interstate travel, and unique compensation structures. Some common wage and hour laws and regulations applicable to truck drivers include:

The 11-hour rule is a regulation imposed by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) in the United States. It is part of the Hours of Service (HOS) regulations that dictate the maximum amount of time commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers can spend on duty and driving to ensure they have adequate rest and reduce the risk of fatigue-related accidents. The 11-hour rule specifically pertains to the daily driving limit.

As of January 2022, the 11-hour rule is outlined as follows:

  1. Driving Limit: A CMV driver may drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty.
  2. 14-Hour Limit: The driver is not allowed to drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty following 10 consecutive hours off duty. However, off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour limit.
  3. Rest Breaks: After 8 hours of driving time, a driver must take a break of at least 30 minutes. This break can be satisfied by any combination of off-duty and sleeper-berth time.
  4. 60/70-Hour Limit: A driver may not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days. This is often referred to as the “weekly limit” and is designed to prevent drivers from working excessively long hours over an extended period.

The FMCSA periodically reviews and revises the HOS regulations to address safety concerns and industry needs.

For the most current and accurate information, it’s advisable to check the FMCSA website or consult directly with relevant authorities overseeing transportation regulations.

It’s crucial for truck drivers and those in the trucking industry to be aware of these regulations and for employers to ensure compliance. Violations of these laws can lead to legal consequences and financial penalties. If truck drivers believe their rights are being violated, they should consult with an employment attorney to explore their options. Additionally, they can file a complaint with the appropriate labor enforcement agency, such as the U.S. Department of Labor or the California Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (DLSE).


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What damages and penalties are recoverable in a wage-and-hour claim or lawsuit in California?

In California, employees who prevail in a wage and hour claim or lawsuit may be entitled to various damages and penalties. The specific remedies available depend on the nature of the violations and the facts of the case. Some common damages and penalties recoverable in a wage and hour claim in California include:

  1. Unpaid Wages:
    • Employees may be entitled to recover any unpaid wages resulting from minimum wage violations, unpaid overtime, missed meal and rest breaks, or other wage-related violations.
  2. Overtime Pay:
    • Overtime pay at a rate of 1.5 times the regular rate for hours worked beyond 8 hours in a workday, beyond 40 hours in a workweek, or for the first eight hours on the seventh consecutive day of work in a workweek.
  3. Liquidated Damages:
    • In some cases, employees may be entitled to liquidated damages, which are additional damages equal to the amount of unpaid wages. Liquidated damages are generally awarded in cases of willful violations.
  4. Meal and Rest Break Premiums:
    • Employees who were denied proper meal or rest breaks may be entitled to one additional hour of pay at their regular rate of compensation for each day a break was not provided.
  5. Waiting Time Penalties:
    • If an employer fails to pay all wages owed to a terminated employee at the time of termination, the employee may be entitled to waiting time penalties. This is an amount equal to the employee’s daily rate of pay for each day the wages are not paid, up to a maximum of 30 days.
  6. Penalties for Recordkeeping Violations:
    • Employers who fail to maintain accurate records as required by law may face penalties.
  7. Penalties for Late Payment of Wages:
    • Employers who fail to pay wages on time may be subject to penalties.
  8. Attorney’s Fees and Costs:
    • In some cases, prevailing employees may recover their reasonable attorney’s fees and litigation costs.
  9. Civil Penalties:
    • In certain wage and hour violations, employees may be entitled to recover civil penalties on behalf of the state. These penalties can vary depending on the specific violation.
  10. Class Action Damages:
    • In cases where multiple employees are affected by similar wage and hour violations, a class action lawsuit may be filed, and damages may be awarded collectively to the class.

It’s important to note that wage and hour laws are complex, and the specific damages and penalties recoverable can vary based on the details of each case. It’s advisable to consult with an employment attorney for the most current and relevant information based on your specific situation.


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